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How to get an Energy Performance Certificate EPC

Find out the facts about EPCs, whether you need one for your property and how to get one.

How to get an Energy Performance Certificate EPC

What is an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)?

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) provides potential buyers and tenants with an indication of the energy efficiency of a property. The certificate will contain information about the property’s typical energy costs and will recommend ways to reduce energy use to make the property more energy efficient.

First introduced in 2007 as part of the now-abolished Home Information Pack, an energy performance rating is necessary for properties being sold or rented in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

In 2012 EPCs were updated and simplified to support the Green Deal, making up part of its assessment. The Green Deal was introduced to help homeowners make energy-saving improvements to their property. The EPC is valid for ten years and the survey of the property will usually take between 45 minutes and an hour.

Energy Performance Certificates are regulated by the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulation 2012 and the survey is conducted by Domestic Energy Assessors. 

The EPC turned 10 years old in August 2017, meaning that homeowners thinking of selling their homes should check their energy performance rating is still valid, as they will not be able to sell their home without one.

From April 2018, the regulations surrounding the Energy Performance Certificate are changing. Changes will affect both the commercial EPCs and residential EPCs within the private rented sector and will mean that the minimum energy efficiency standard for non-domestic buildings will be set at an ‘E’ EPC rating.

The new EPC regulations will be introduced from 1st April 2018 and will require all eligible properties to be improved to a minimum standard. It will be unlawful to rent a property that does not meet the minimum energy efficiency standard (unless there is an exemption) and a penalty of up to £4,000 may be imposed for breaches.

How much does an EPC Cost?

EPC costs range from £45.83-£100.00+VAT - there is no fixed cost so it is worth comparing prices from multiple companies. To get the best EPC cost, make sure you get the assessment completed directly rather than through an estate agent.

The price of your energy performance certificate will also depend on several factors regarding your property, such as the type of property you own and how many bedrooms it has. The location of your property and the area you live in can also affect the EPC cost.

You can get a quote from an accredited and DBS checked Domestic Energy Assessor through reallymoving.com.

What will it tell me?

Energy Performance Certificates rate a home’s energy efficiency and environmental impact using a scale from A-G, with ‘A’ rated homes being the most efficient. It also provides suggestions on how to improve the rating which, in turn, will reduce the effects on the environment by cutting carbon emissions and save homeowners money on their fuel bills.

The certificate will contain details of the property, such as its location, age, size and condition, and these factors will be considered to provide energy saving recommendations that are tailored to the property. The average UK property falls into the D or E band.

How do I get an EPC?

The Energy Performance Certificate is produced by Domestic Energy Assessors. To find the best price for your EPC, you can get a quote here at reallymoving.com. All of the quotes we provide are from accredited Assessors.

Even if you are not planning to sell your property, an Energy Performance Certificate can give you an indication of the energy efficiency of your home and identify how it can be improved to save you money on your fuel bills.

Do I need an EPC?

An EPC is required for buildings that are to be sold, rented or built in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The EPC must be commissioned before the property is put on the market and it must be available to be shown to prospective buyers or tenants if requested. Bear in mind that those given 10 years ago will now need to be updated.

If you cannot produce an EPC at the time required, you could receive a fine.

There are, however, buildings that do not require an EPC, including:

  • Places of worship

  • Holiday accommodation and residential buildings used less than 4 months a year

  • Industrial sites and workshops

  • Buildings that are to be demolished

  • Buildings intended to be used for less than 2 years

  • Stand-alone buildings with less than 50 square metres of useful floor space.

Since January 2013, listed buildings are now also exempt from requiring an EPC, as significant alterations to the character and appearance of the buildings would have to occur to ensure compliance with the energy efficiency requirements.

Reducing environmental impact of homes

Our homes already account for 27% of the UK’s carbon emissions contributing to global climate change. The Energy Performance Certificate is designed to help homeowners reduce the environmental impact of their homes. The Energy Savings Trust estimates that following the recommendations in an Energy Performance Certificate, an average of £300 a year can be saved in fuel bills.

Only qualified and certificated Domestic Energy Assessors are allowed to prepare Energy Performance Certificates. For more information on Energy Performance Certificates and to help you to understand the requirements, visit the Government website on EPCs.

For information on the requirements of properties being sold or rented in Scotland, take a look at our article on Scottish Home Reports

Last reviewed September 2018

Comments (16)

  • Tanya

    posted on 11 Mar 2019

    How long is an Energy Performance Certificate valid for? I have one from 2013. Is it still valid in 2019 or do I need to get another one?

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Tanya,

    EPCs last for 10 years, but if you've made any significant improvements to your property that might have improved the scores, you may want to get a new one before then. Otherwise, it will be fine until 2023.

    All the best,


    posted on 8 Jul 2019

    I had got wall and loft insulation done as advised in the EPC (issued in 2012) after moving to the property in 2017. Do I have to get one done now? Also is it going to help to get better valuation for the purpose of remortgage.

    Reallymoving response

    Getting a new EPC to show the improvements you've made to your property will possibly improve your valuation, and it is worth getting a new one so that it is up to date when you remortgage.

    Peter Monaghan

    posted on 3 Aug 2019

    The home im renting was rebuilt in 1995 and as far as i know it does not have an EPC, does the landlord have to pay for it ?

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Peter,

    Yes, your landlord should not be renting out a property that doesn't have an up to date EPC.

    Kind regards,


    posted on 5 Aug 2019

    Since purchasing my property 4 years ago I have added a smart meter and also a hive smart thermostat. Will this be significant enough to warrant a ordering a new EPC as I’m putting my property on the market? TIA

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Peter,

    This is a really good question and not one we've come across before.
    It's usually worth updating your EPC whenever changes have been made to your property, but we'd recommend chatting to an EPC provider directly.

    Kind regards,


    posted on 5 Sep 2019

    We are currently in the process of selling our house and our EPC is still within the ten year range.
Since that EPC we have had new windows fitted. Is it a legal requirement to have a new EPC carried out because of that or will the old one suffice?

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Becky,

    It doesn't seem that it's a legal requirement to have a new EPC if you update your property (to sell it, there are different rules around letting it out) but your home improvements would probably improve your EPC rating which would make it more appealing to buyers, so it's something to consider even if it's not required.

    Wishing you luck with your move,



    posted on 11 Sep 2019

    Re-posting in case it did not work. The house we are purchasing EPC is dated February 2011. Shouis the property have a new EPC? Thank you.x

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Viviana

    EPCs last 10 years, so it would not need a new one until 2021.

    Kind regards,


    posted on 23 Sep 2019

    We rent out a property which is a chalet bungalow where the upstairs has been boarded out on the floor but has a hatch and no staircase so is an attic space. As the upstairs is not in use and has no heating installed do we have to insulate under the floor boards of the upstairs or is roof insulation sufficient for an EPC?

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Bev,

    We would assume roof insulation is sufficient as it's not a habitable space, but it's worth chatting to an EPC provider to double check. The quality of insulation may impact your EPC grading.

    Kind regards,


    David Cairns

    posted on 24 Oct 2019

Just purchased a flat ,it has concret floors , gutting it out changing from storage heaters to a gas Combi boiler,so I thinking of putting down aluminium membrane,to improve heat retention ,how do I apply to have my EPC upgraded 
David Cairns

    Reallymoving response

    Hi David,

    You just arrange to have an EPC assessor come to the property and issue an up to date EPC.

    Kind regards,


    posted on 14 Nov 2019

    Hi, just find out that EPS expired last year, no improvements to the property had been made during those 10 years. So letting agency telling me that I don't need a new one just because it's expired. Is it legal? 

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Renata,

    If your EPC has expired (even if no changes have been made to the property) and you're letting it out to tenants, you absolutely need a new one.
    If you are living in your own property and it's expired, you will need to get one before you sell it.
    Kind regards,

    Shaun Moloney

    posted on 21 Nov 2019

    Industrial sites and workshops listed above appear to be exempt from requiring an EPC, is this correct as our solicitor is requesting one prior to sale of the industrial unit in question.
Many thanks

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Shaun,
    There's a breakdown of which property types are exempt on the government website: https://www.gov.uk/energy-performance-certificate-commercial-property/exemptions

    Kind regards,

    Maryanne Osborn

    posted on 18 Dec 2019

    If your renting a property and epc runs out whilst living in the property and you maintain renting, does the epc need to be renewed. 
I was advised only if I moved out.

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Maryanne,

    Yes, your landlord will need to renew the EPC as legally it has to be up to date if the property is being let out.

    Nigel Hilton

    posted on 5 Jan 2020

    The agent told us that an EPC is required to be able to rent out my mother's listed barn-conversion home but you say it is not needed. Who is correct?

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Nigel,

    Listed buildings can be complicated, because they are exempt only in so far as 'compliance with the minimum energy performance requirements would unacceptably alter their character or appearance'.  There's quite a big variety in the standard of listed buildings, so if you are able to get an EPC, it would probably be easier. Otherwise you have to be able to justify the exemption based on the style of the property.

    You could chat to an EPC assessor who may be able to give you more insight to the complexities around listed buildings.

    Emma-Jane Butler

    posted on 6 Jan 2020

    I live in a rented property and it is costing me a lot in energy bills. I have several theories to why but I haven’t seen an EPC report should my landlord have given me a copy? Or how to I go about getting it done to prove there is an issue?

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Emma-Jane

    Usually an estate agent will have the EPC, or a copy of it, but your landlord is not obligated to give you a copy, just to make sure it's up to date. You can check the EPCs of different properties on the EPC register, using a postcode.



    posted on 20 Jan 2020

    I have been let a property which did not have a valid epc when i signed the tenancy, i was not aware at the time it was a legal requirement. Since confronting the landlord i have seen a new epc certificate has been issued but i know nobody has been inside the property to carry it out as my mother was staying at the time it says the epc assesment was carried out! My questions are , can an epc be legit without an assesor entering the house or is this fraud? Is it possible for a property to go up from Band E (46) to band D (58) over the last 11 years without any improvements carried out? as this is what the new cert states despite him not coming inside?
If the property is found to be band F or G will i be entitled to compensation for my huge energy bills? Thanks so much, feel like im going insane!

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Cara,

    It seems very unlikely that an EPC could be approved without setting foot inside the property. Could you talk to your landlord about the date discrepancy? It could be that the date is incorrect and the assessment was carried out at another time? 
    You can look at the EPC on the EPC register by searching for your postcode. If the details about the interior of the property match up, that may give you an insight.
    If you believe this has not been carried out, you can talk to Trading Standards who will warn your landlord that they need an up to date EPC and will issue a £200 fine if this isn't done.
    However, it's probably worth talking to your landlord first, in case they are under the impression that the EPC was carried out fully.

    Kind regards,


    posted on 3 Feb 2020

    My propertys EPC runs out in July.

Can an electrician do a new certificate for me

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Catherine,

    An EPC has to be provided by an accredited Domestic Energy Assessor. This is not the same as an electrician.

    You can get quotes for an EPC on our site:




    posted on 13 Mar 2020

    Our landlord just had the property inspected to update the EPC. The house is very draughty and I think inefficient for heating. Can I request the EPC or request they make improvements to the house based on it? For example the front door is 100 years old and air get in and around it.

    Reallymoving response

    Hi Kath,

    You can actually access the EPC on the EPC register online. If the property you're renting falls below an 'E' rating, your landlord may be obligated to make changes. 


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